Shooting for the Edit: Essential Tips You Need to Know
Continuity is vital to your story. By shooting with the edit in mind, you’ll save yourself countless headaches.
Top image Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation via Paramount Pictures
Shooting for the edit is a technique used to aid you in post production. As a filmmaker and videographer, you will need to keep the editing process in mind while shooting footage. By doing this, you are enabling yourself to make the editing process that much easier.
Shooting a scene begins with the A camera, which captures the master footage. In addition to the A camera, you may have a B or even C camera as well. Those secondary cameras capture the same scene from multiple angles. This supplemental footage along with the master take constitutes coverage. With all these various angles, you allow the editor multiple options when splicing the film.
You can see this technique play out well in this scene from Se7en. We start with the slow dolly shot introducing John Doe to the scene, then we cut to a panning shot, opposite of the last, placing John Doe in the space with Mills and Somerset. From here we move to a series of shots as the scene moves forward.
Video Courtesy of Movieclips.
NOTE: When shooting coverage, don’t forget to capture B-Roll to give the audience visual context of the larger environment, the local space, or small actions of the characters.
Character movement is another key component of shooting continuous footage. When a characters exits frame, the audience must seem them return to view in the next logical place. The action must match between shots.
You can see this clearly in this scene from Captain America: Civil War. Tony Stark crosses the frame and exits camera right. The very next shot reverses the camera angle, and Stark now enters back into frame from camera left.
Video Courtesy of FabianPohl Trailers.
Have you ever watched a film where a character holds an object in one hand, but in the very next clip the object is in the other hand? That is an example of what happens when continuity is not taken into account. There may be days between shots, so be sure to take excellent notes on set. You’ll want to know everything from a character’s clothing, and even the type of makeup they have applied. Every little detail counts.
In this scene from Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation we see Tom Cruise and Simon Pegg in the middle of a car chase sequence. During this sequence a gunman’s bullet hits the rear-view mirror, knocking it from the windshield. As filming the chase takes place over a series of days, the crew had to make note of every little scratch – making sure damage was replicated on all the stunt vehicles. Damage like remembering to remove the rear-view mirror on any shots that occur after the mirror falls.
Video via of Movieclips Coming Soon.
Blockbuster films aren’t immune to these little mistakes, as they appear numerous times every year. While on the topic of damage to cars, notice how the damaged drive side door in Commando miraculously repairs itself as the car drives away.
Video via ashfan12
Line of Sight
As characters converse, or stare off into space, make sure to keep the same line of sight. If a character looks off screen at impending doom, you may want to cut to a shot of what the character sees. Before doing so, make sure that the camera angle matches up to what the character would actually be looking at.
A perfect example comes from Alfred Hitchcock’s Rear Window. As Jimmy Stewart sits bound to his wheelchair, he looks out the window at the world around him. When we get the views of that world – Hitchcock always makes sure that the cameras framing matched the line of sight of the protagonist.
Video Courtesy of Movieclips.
Are these editing tips helpful to you? Do you practice shooting for the edit? What are some techniques that you keep in mind? Share your thoughts with your fellow filmmakers in the comments below.